Anesthesia type: General, Epidural and local
Duration: 2 – 3 hours with additional 2 hours in the recovery room and one night at the hospital
Liposuction is a type of cosmetic surgery that removes fat from the human body in an attempt to change its shape. Evidence does not support an effect on weight beyond a couple of months and it does not appear to affect obesity related problems.
Areas operated on can include the abdomen, thighs, buttocks, and backs of the arms. The procedure may be performed under general, regional, or local anesthesia. It then involves using a cannulae and negative pressure to suck out fat. People operated on should generally have a normal weight and good skin elasticity.
In general, fat is removed via a cannula (a hollow tube) and aspirator (a suction device). Liposuction techniques can be categorized by the amount of fluid injection and by the mechanism in which the cannula works. As techniques have been refined, many ideas have emerged that have brought liposuction closer to being safe, easy, less uncomfortable, and effective.
- Suction assisted liposuction
- Ultrasound assisted Liposuction
- Power assisted Liposuction
- Twin cannula (assisted) liposuction
- External ultrasound assisted Liposuction
- Water assisted Liposuction
- Laser assisted (A laser is used to melt the fat in the target area, making it easier to remove. This laser is administered through a fibre threaded through a micro-cannula. The premise is similar to UAL. It is believed that these techniques, such as Smart Lipo or Slim Lipo can also reduce bruising and bleeding, as it also cauterizes to a certain extent).
Depending on the extent of the liposuction, patients are generally able to return to work between two days and two weeks. A compression garment which can easily be removed by the patient is worn for two to four weeks; this garment must have elasticity and allow for use of bandages. If non absorbable sutures are placed, they will be removed after five to ten days. The suctioned fat cells are permanently gone. However, if the patient does not maintain a proper diet and exercise regimen, the remaining fat cell neighbors could still enlarge.
- Bruising: can be painful in the short term, and should fade after a few weeks.
- Swelling: should subside gradually over a month or two.
- Scars: will vary in size depending on the particular procedure, and should fade over the weeks. Scarring is an individual thing, partly dependent on heredity. For some, scar healing may take as long as a year.
- Pain: should be temporary and controlled by either over the counter medication or by a prescription.
- Numbness: sometimes persists for a few weeks
- Postoperative weight gain